Zinc oxide core-shell hollow microspheres with multi-shelled architecture for gas sensor applications

作者: Lili Wang ,Zheng Lou ,Teng Fei ,Tong Zhang ,
期刊: J. Mater. Chem.
卷号: 2011, 21, 19331-19336
接收日期: 2011-09-22 15:35:59
摘要 Abstract

A new type of spherically multilayered core–shell structure was prepared via a simple hard template strategy in the case of  ZnO . The structure and morphology characteristics of the resultant product were investigated by  X-ray diffraction  ( XRD ),  transmission electron microscopy ( TEM ),  scanning electron microscopy  ( SEM ), and  high-resolution transmission electron microscopy  ( HRTEM ). The  ZnO  microspheres with hollow interior and porous shells are multilayered structures with diameters ranging from 0.4 to 3.5 μm. Further investigation of the formation mechanism reveals that the preheating program is vital to the formation of the multishelled structures. To demonstrate the usage of such a multilayered nanomaterial, a chemical gas sensor has been fabricated and investigated for  toluene  detection. The sensor exhibits excellent sensing performances in terms of high response, low detection limit, rapid response-recovery, and superior selectivity.