Facile synthesis of hierarchical SnO2 semiconductor microspheres for gas sensor application

作者: Lili Wang ,Zheng Lou ,Tong Zhang ,Huitao Fan ,Xiuj
期刊: Sens. Actuators B
卷号: 2011, 155, 285-289
接收日期: 2010-12-20 15:34:27
摘要 Abstract

Hierarchical SnO2 microspheres were synthesized by a hydrothermal method at 140 °C using stannic chloride hydrate and sodium hydroxide as starting materials. The individual hierarchical SnO2 microsphere ranged from 700 to 900 nm in diameter. After these microspheres were heated at 600 °C for 2 h, the spheres were cross-linked into clusters by short SnO2 nanorods as revealed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Most importantly, SnO2 hierarchical microsphere sensor exhibits excellent selectivity and fast response to ethanol. Response and recovery times were 0.6 s and 11 s when the sensor was exposed to 50 ppm ethanol at an operating temperature of 300 °C. Thus, hierarchical structures play a significant role in the field of gas sensing.


  • SnO2


  • Hierarchical structures; 


  • Ultra-high response; 


  • Gas sensing